The recovery needs to also consider our communities’ mental health and equitable access to public space.

Colorful banner with text written on it: Access to public space: a key element for the mental health and wellbeing of our communities

The #CitiesAreListening experience on Public Space and Mental Health, hosted by UCLG, UN-Habitat and Metropolis, together with Placemaking X and powered by UCLG’s Urban Strategic Planning Committee saw local and regional governments and their partners discuss the effects of the pandemic on the mental health of our populations, as well as the importance of public space in the recovery and our relationship to green and public space in the aftermath. Participants also addressed public spaces are generators of livelihoods in cities, as spaces to ensure healthy cities beyond the pandemic, and what role will these key structuring elements play in building city resilience post Covid-19. 

Secretary General of UCLG Emilia Saiz introduced the spirit of the CitiesAreListening, by stating the importance of listening to partners and communities as transformative axes of our societies, as well as how the pandemic has revolutionized our priorities and put  mental health at the core,   by stating that “ the importance of populations’ physical and mental  health is becoming a priority for local and regional governments. We need to be honest about our fragilities, and shift priorities defined in the past”. 

Setting the scene in a panel moderated by Tollulah Oni, Clinical Senior Research Associate MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge, experts on mental health Karen Obrecht, Psychiatrist at New South Wales hospital, Sydney, and on public space Ethan Kent, Placemaking X, addressed the surge in mental health issues throughout the pandemic, calling it a “tsunami of mental illness”, and warning about how it is disproportionately affecting the youth in deprived  urban environments. They also addressed the importance 

of interaction and of building community through public space making activities as an antidote to mental health disorders.

The interactive consultation that followed these complementary keynotes was presented by Puvendra Akkiah, IDP coordinator Durban and the coordinator of the UCG planning committee, who reminded the importance of pubic space in the work done by the committee, UN-Habitat and Metropolis over the last year, confirming the public space is confirmed a critical lever of change in policymaking. Facing the pandemic, this session may guide us to opportunities of action. 

Throughout the consultation, participants addressed how local and regional governments could support mental health in their populations by enhancing basic services and facilitate access to green spaces, and also rated what they saw as the main function of public space during the crisis: a space for socialization, leisure, and relaxation to disconnect from the reality of the outbreak rating much higher than the environmental function. 

The city panel was introduced and moderated by Jorge Giorno, head of the city strategy office in  Buenos Aires, and  co – president of the committee of strategic planning. He reminded the power of networking  that helps session like this to be immediate , practical and consistent in policy, and in practice. 

Cities and regions addressed the relationship between public space and the wellbeing of communities, with Claudia Niedzela-Felber who is leading the social programme of community centres in München highlighted teenagers and elderly were groups that suffered psychosocially most due to isolation. For them, she argued, all public spaces are critical, space which is big enough to serve as a meeting point which can be used for getting together without disturbing and without being under permanent control. 

Pascal Smet, State Secretary of the Brussels Capital region was highlighting the importance of “spaces where people can meet”, likening public spaces to the living rooms of people’s homes to underscore how central they are for communities, all the while calling for giving public space back to communities and taking it from private transportation and cars. 

These points were echoed by Silvia Collin, Councillor of Buenos Aires, who argued that “we need to recover spaces for our communities’ empowerment”, and called to foster the value of closeness to overcome the pandemic.

Paola Andrea Ricardi, Director of Coordination of Equality Policies of La Paz, underscored the importance of tending to mental health to ensure cities of peace and avoid violence. The focus, she said, “needs to be on dialogue and empathy to be able to overcome the pain and anguish that has come with the pandemic”.

The dialogue from cities was followed by the introduction of the “Integrating Health in Urban and Territorial Planning Sourcebook” by Laura Petrella, UN Habitat, Chief, Planning, Finance and Economy Section, who called on the need to “develop more interaction between health and urban development and planning to develop better public spaces and mental health outcomes”.

The ensuing conversation between panelists and participants was moderated by Octavi de la Varga, Secretary-General, Metropolis, who highlighted how the pandemic had brought the value of public space as a critical space for human interaction, and  addressed the work already made by Metropolis on gender approaches to public space, and how we “now have the opportunity to bring the discussion to a different perspective” by addressing the linkages between both agendas. Barbara Holtmann, author of the Safe Communities Initiative of Durban, highlighted the need to link the climate change and public space agenda, and to align them together in a way that brings people together and enhance their agency. Nathalie Roebbel, Coordinator for Air Pollution and Urban Health, WHO, also highlighted the importance of working on the areas of public spaces and mental health in the Global South, analyzing as well the difference in accessing public space between countries and the need to address, as well, inequalities inside countries and communities when accessing public space.

Cecilia Andersson, manager of the UN-Habitat Global Space Programme, wrapped up the session by calling on the need to bring those partners that are committed to equitable public space together to ensure that it can be enjoyed by all people equally, and how the inputs shared by participants could feed the renewal of the social contract. Sara Höflich, director of the UCLG Learning Team, closed the session highlighting how the session could be a starting point for further work and exchange of practices that can inspire each other, not only through learning activities but also further cross- fertilization and local action within the UCLG agenda on peace and health.   

Watch the session again here:

Source: UCLG
Link: The recovery needs to also consider our communities’ mental health and equitable access to public space.